McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act

  • House on top of handsWho Are Homeless Children and Youths?

    Homeless children and youths are individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nightime residence, including:

    • children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; are abandoned in hospitals;
    • children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings;
    • children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and
    • migratory children who qualify as homeless because the children are living in circumstances described above. 

    Educational Rights of Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness

    Children and youth experiencing homelessness have the right to

    • Go to school, no matter where they live or how long they have lived there.
    • Continue in the school they last attended before becoming homeless or the school they last attended, if that is the parent's or guardian's choice and is feasible.
    • Receive transportation to the school they last attended before their family became homeless or the school they last attended, if a parent or guardian requests such transportation.
    • Attend school and participate in school programs with children who are not homeless.
    • Enroll in school without giving a permanent address.
    • Enroll and attend classes while the school arranges for the transfer of school and immunization records or any other documents required for enrollment.
    • Receive the same special programs and services, if needed, as provided to all other children served in these programs.
    • Receive transportation to school and to school programs comparable to that provided to children who are not homeless.

    These rights are established under Title VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. The McKinney-Vento Act was originally authorized in 1987 and re-authorized in December 2015 by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). For more information on parent/youth rights please visit NCHEP website (

    Total Number Caldwell County McKinney Vento Students
    School Year Student Count
    2016-2017 190
    2017-2018 215
    2018-2019 224
    2019-2020 176

    Additional NC Data can be found at:   (,


    For more information on the McKinney-Vento Act please contact:
    Carol Sturgis
    Homeless Liaison for Caldwell County Schools
    828-728-8407  Ext. 140169

    Lisa Phillips
    State Coordinator
    NC Homeless Education Program